This extract from a 2011 GCHQ document indicates that the agency had access to satellite and full take data from South Pacific sources collected by New Zealand’s GCSB via XKeyScore: see the New Zealand Herald article The price of the Five Eyes club: Mass spying on friendly nations, 5 March 2015.
This extract from the NSA’s minutes of a June 2009 meeting at the agency’s headquarters in Fort Meade, where a GCSB officer was present: see the New Zealand Herald article The price of the Five Eyes club: Mass spying on friendly nations, 5 May 2015.
This GCSB report from July 2009 describes the move towards “full collection” at the agency’s Waihopai, progress against several named targets and “2nd party sharing” arrangements via XKeyScore: see the New Zealand Herald article The price of the Five Eyes club: Mass spying on friendly nations, 5 March 2015.
This 2010 CSEC document complete with speakers’ notes shows that visits to Canadian government websites were monitored, and hundreds of thousands of emails to government email addresses retained every day, for cybersecurity purposes: see the CBC News article CSE monitors millions of Canadian emails to government, 25 February 2015.
On the evening of Monday 23 Feburary, Edward Snowden joined Glenn Greenwald and Oscar-winning Citizenfour director Laura Poitras to answer questions submitted by reddit users. Edward Snowden’s answers covered NSA information management, his life in Russia, how whistleblowers can best be protected and making surveillance an important issue in the next US Presidential election, among other issues.
The discussion also touched on two recent news reports: the bulk seizure of SIM card encryption keys by the NSA and GCHQ; and the exposure of state-level Equation Group malware by the Kaspersky Group, which has widely been attributed to the NSA. A previous malware discovery, Regin, has been corroborated as having links to the NSA and its Five Eyes allies by documents disclosed by Snowden.
Reddit confirmed that the AMA was viewed over a million times on the evening it was published. A selection of Edward Snowden’s answers follows below.
Laura Poitras’ documentary about Edward Snowden, CITIZENFOUR, was awarded an Oscar at the Academy Awards ceremony in Los Angeles on 22 February 2014.
In her acceptance speech, standing alongside Glenn Greenwald and Edward Snowden’s girlfriend Lindsay Mills, Laura Poitras paid tribute to Edward Snowden:
The disclosures that Edward Snowden revealed don’t only expose the threat to our privacy but to our democracy itself. When the most important decisions being made that affect all of us are being made in secret, we lose our ability to control. Thank you to Edward Snowden for his courage and to the many other whistleblowers. I share this with Glenn Greenwald and the other journalists that are exposing truth.
Snowden himself released a statement via the ACLU:
When Laura Poitras asked me if she could film our encounters, I was extremely reluctant. I’m grateful that I allowed her to persuade me. The result is a brave and brilliant film that deserves the honor and recognition it has received. My hope is that this award will encourage more people to see the film and be inspired by its message that ordinary citizens, working together, can change the world.
Courage, the organisation that runs Edward Snowden’s defence fund and this website, also released a statement, which emphasises the “dangerous gap in protections for whistleblowers” demonstrated in the film.
The Courage Foundation is delighted that CITIZENFOUR has been awarded the Oscar for the Best Documentary Feature of 2014.
The film shows that after journalists left Edward Snowden in Hong Kong, awaiting the United States’ charges and extradition request, Snowden relied on WikiLeaks to secure him asylum. As Laura Poitras’ film depicts, Snowden is now safe, living comfortably with his girlfriend in Moscow, but the film demonstrates the dangerous gap in protections for whistleblowers. WikiLeaks’ rescue – and the need it demonstrated – was the inception of Courage, devoted to providing protections, defence and safety nets for whistleblowers in the highest-risk situations, when others can’t or won’t help.
Courage, which hosts Edward Snowden’s only official defence fund, is establishing international networks ready to provide future Snowdens with logistical and legal help, in addition to assisting journalistic sources at risk before the investigation stage. But we need your help. Fighting legal battles against the most powerful governments in the world is expensive, yet essential. Courage’s Acting Director Sarah Harrison said: “Governments are ramping up their efforts to persecute those who expose the truth, and we must do the same if we’re going to keep our truth-tellers safe. Donate to Courage to ensure we are there when we are needed most.”
This April 2010 GCHQ report proposes an automated approach to seizing large numbers of mobile phone encryption keys: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
This 2011 Wiki page details aspects of GCHQ’s DAPINO GAMMA operation against mobile SIM manufacturer Gemalto: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
This Wiki page from 2011 details aspects of GCHQ’s DAPINO GAMMA operation against mobile SIM manufacturer Gemalto: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.
This undated Wiki page details aspects of GCHQ’s DAPINO GAMMA operation against mobile SIM manufacturer Gemalto: see the Intercept article The Great SIM Heist: How Spies Stole the Keys to the Encryption Castle, 19 February 2015.