This SIDToday post dated 18 January 2006 discusses how NSA is dealing with a new obstacle: IP telephony services whereby a target can obtain a US or UK phone number. A VoIP Normalization Working Group worked with NSA’s Office of General Counsel to develop a system whereby such numbers can be classified as of non US status, where certain legal protections would not apply: see the Intercept article 328 NSA Documents Reveal “Vast Network” of Iranian Agents, Details of a Key Intelligence Coup, and a Fervor for Voice-Matching Technology, 15 August 2015.
This post from internal NSA newsletter SIDToday dated 19 November 2003 provides an early description of FAIRVIEW and STORMBREW, later known as Upstream collection: see the Intercept article Iraqi Insurgents Stymied the NSA and Other Highlights from 263 Internal Agency Reports, 10 August 2016.
This undated page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki provides a definition of “event”, the term the agency uses to refer to a metadata record, showing the variety of data collected: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
This GCHQ spreadsheet from October 2007 provides a guide to the permissibility of using named GCHQ and NSA databases and shows the absence of safeguards against exploiting the metadata of persons located in the UK: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
This GCHQ presentation from November 2010 shows that the agency was logging 30 billion metadata records per day by that year: see the Intercept article Profiled: From Radio to Porn, British Spies Track Web Users’ Online Identities, 25 September 2015.
This undated dictionary produced by NSA Special Source Operations, provides glosses for several terms associated with the corporate partner FAIRVIEW, including the AT&T-specific term ‘SNRC’: see the New York Times article AT&T Helped U.S. Spy on Internet on a Vast Scale, 15 August 2015.