This page from GCHQ’s internal GCWiki, last updated on 6 February 2012, describes progress on LOVELY HORSE, a tool that automates the monitoring of open-source information related to information security: see the Intercept article Western Spy Agencies Secretly Rely on Hackers for Intel and Expertise, 4 February 2015.
This NSA presentation from 15 August 2008 includes descriptions of VPN packets: see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
This 2011 presentation, created by GCHQ’s Network Analysis Centre describes new techniques for gathering reconnaissance on the IT personnel of targeted organisations (their “Network Operations Centres”), using Belgacom as an example in several slides: see the Intercept article Operation Socialist: The Inside Story of How British Spies Hacked Belgium’s Largest Telco, 13 December 2014.
This undated NSA presentation sets out the network-mapping tool Treasure Map, and supplies information on some of the agency’s collection access points: see the Intercept article New Zealand Launched Mass Surveillance Project While Publicly Denying It, 15 September 2014.
This NSA presentation from 3 June 2011 describes QFIRE, “a consolidated QUANTUMTHEORY platform”, that links the NSA’s enormous passive monitoring operation (TURMOIL) with the active hacking of systems undertaken by the agency’s Tailored Acess Operations division (TURBINE): see the Der Spiegel article, Inside TAO: Documents Reveal Top NSA Hacking Unit, 29 December 2013.